Other Tick-borne Diseases

Other Tick-borne Diseases

Human Ehrlichiosis

Cause

Ehrlichia chaffeensis transmitted by ticks
Symptoms

Acute fever with headache, muscle ache and nausea
Treatment

Seek medical attention from a physician
Prevention

Avoid tick-infested habitats during spring and early summer.
Use personal protection, such as wearing pants and shirts with long sleeves.
Other Facts


In 1991 there were 262 cases and 4 deaths reported in four states in the United States, mostly occurring in Missouri and Oklahoma

Powassan Encephalitis

Cause

Flavivirus transmitted by ticks
Symptoms

Sudden onset of fever, sore throat, sleepiness, headache and disorientation
Encephalitis, meningitis and partial paralysis may develop.
Treatment

Seek medical attention from a physician
Prevention

Avoid tick-infested habitats during spring and early summer.
Use personal protection, such as wearing pants and shirts with long sleeves.
Other Facts

Animal hosts include marmots, sciurid rodents, rabbits, hares, carnivores and birds.
Only 19 cases have been reported, which were in New York, Pennsylvania, Ontario and Quebec

Babesiosis

Description

Protozoan disease
Location

Coastal areas of New England and adjacent offshore islands
Cause

Transmitted by wild rodents, especially white-footed mice.
Symptoms

Gradual onset of fever, sweating, loss of appetite, fatigue, general muscle ache and possible prolonged anemia.
Treatment

Seek medical attention from a physician
Prevention

Avoid tick-infested habitats during spring and early summer.
Use personal protection, such as wearing pants and shirts with long sleeves.